Jump to navigation. Contraceptive pills are among the most popular contraception methods worldwide. A combined oral contraceptive pill contains two components, the estrogen and the progestagen compound.
Healthy women who do not smoke cigarettes have almost no chance of having a severe side effect from taking oral contraceptives. For most women, more problems occur because of pregnancy than will occur from taking oral contraceptives. But for some women who have special health problems, oral contraceptives can cause some unwanted effects.
Hormones are chemical substances that control the functioning of the body's organs. In this case, the hormones in the Pill control the ovaries and the uterus. A woman cannot get pregnant if she doesn't ovulate because there is no egg to be fertilized. The Pill also works by thickening the mucus around the cervix, which makes it difficult for sperm to enter the uterus and reach any eggs that may have been released.
Most believe that hormonal birth control serves one purpose: to prevent pregnancy. In fact, they can even be used to help treat other health concerns such as menstrual relief, skin changes, and more. As with all drugs, there are beneficial effects and potential risks that affect everyone differently.
Patient information: See related handout on side effects of hormonal contraceptiveswritten by the author of this article. Adverse effects of hormonal contraceptives usually diminish with continued use of the same method. Often, physicians only need to reassure patients that these symptoms will likely resolve within three to five months.
The risk of developing blood clots in a vein is highest during the first year a woman uses the pill. Other risk factors of developing blood clots include smoking and obesity. However, blood clot formation is rare and the doctor would have evaluated and weighed its benefits over risks before making the recommendation.
Cigarette smoking increases the risk of serious side effects from oral contraceptives, including heart attacks, blood clots, and strokes. This risk is higher for women over 35 years of age and heavy smokers 15 or more cigarettes per day. If you take oral contraceptives, you should not smoke. Oral contraceptives birth-control pills are used to prevent pregnancy.
Oral contraceptives birth control pills are hormone-containing medications that are taken by mouth to prevent pregnancy. They prevent pregnancy by inhibiting ovulation and also by preventing sperm from penetrating through the cervix. By far the most commonly prescribed type of oral contraceptive in the United States contains synthetic versions of the natural female hormones estrogen and progesterone.
The combined oral contraceptive pill COCPoften referred to as the birth control pill or colloquially as " the pill ", is a type of birth control that is designed to be taken orally by women. It includes a combination of an estrogen usually ethinylestradiol and a progestogen specifically a progestin. When taken correctly, it alters the menstrual cycle to eliminate ovulation and prevent pregnancy. They were first approved for contraceptive use in the United States inand are a very popular form of birth control.